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Antioxidants
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Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder

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If you thought you knew the latest about antioxidants… Think again… Here’s the very latest!

Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder cuts through the baloney that has been written, and the half-science that’s been presented to us as fact. More importantly, it tells you exactly how the very latest research reveals just how antioxidants can help you train longer and train harder.

So you think you know the latest about antioxidants?

Early studies suggested that large doses of antioxidant vitamins and minerals could help sports performance and help protect the body, and the message was that more was better. However, later studies cast doubt on these initial findings: indeed, some studies even appeared to indicate that high dose single antioxidant supplementation could be detrimental to an athlete’s health!

More recently, the pendulum of evidence has swung very much in favour of enhancing antioxidant nutrition in athletes, but the thinking is now far more subtle and complex. The right amounts of the right antioxidants appear to enhance recovery, reduce post-exercise soreness and protect the body at the cellular level.

The very latest research even provides evidence of an acute performance boosting effect. However, not all antioxidants are created equal, and resorting to supplementation may not be the answer either.

So exactly where are we with antioxidants? And where exactly should we be getting them from?

If you want to separate the antioxidant facts from the fiction, and arm yourself with the very latest knowledge, then grab this Report now at 42% off its usual price.

Exclusively from PP, you can get a copy of Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder at a special discount. Place your order today and you pay just $34.99 (£21.69) instead of the full price of $59.99. You save 42%.

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Let me reveal some of sports science best kept secrets...

* What are the seven most common antioxidant dietary pitfalls facing athletes – and how can these be avoided or remedied?
* Which antioxidant supplement combinations work best – and which may be a waste of money and effort?
* Why should antioxidant supplements sometimes be avoided – and when?
* How can you combine antioxidant supplements with your basic diet to get the maximum nutritional benefit?
* Which common foodstuffs are best at boosting your antioxidant status – whether or not you take supplements?
* What’s the just-discovered, plant-based antioxidant that can help relieve stress – and reduce the incidence of illness in athletes with a high training load?
* Which foods have been identified as being the best dietary sources of this brand new antioxidant?
* Which mineral – recently found to have an important antioxidant value – is missing from most athletes’ daily diet?

Nutrition for Athletes: Could you be undermining your antioxidant status – and your sporting performance – because of inadequacies in your daily diet?

The shelves of most sports and health food retailers are crammed to overflowing with ‘sports nutrition’ products – an Aladdin’s Cave of pills, powders and potions! But we reveal the alarming evidence that many athletes are neglecting the dietary basics – catastrophic news if you want to maintain a healthy antioxidant status that’ll help you train longer and harder, while minimizing your risk of illness or injury.

Ironically, a reliance on products such as carbohydrate and protein powders, fluid replacement drinks and ergogenic aids has simply fostered a ‘performance from a bottle’ mentality – an assumption that today’s high-tech sports nutrition formulations can guarantee optimum performance.

The latest research suggests that the opposite seems to be happening. The reliance on sports nutrition products has led to a poorer basic diet quality, because many athletes simply assume that they no longer need to worry about eating high quality natural foods, leading to a reduced intake of key nutrients.

A poorer, low-nutrient diet is undesirable for a number of reasons, but particularly because such diets are associated with lowered immunity and a generally reduced resilience of the body to withstand the day-in, day-out rigours and cumulative stresses of training.

So the first section of Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder reveals the findings of a number of recent studies of athletes across several different sports that shed dramatic new insight into athletes’ nutritional practices.

The findings will shock you – especially where elite athletes’ diets are concerned.

Based on what we have found we identify the seven most common dietary pitfalls experienced by athletes of all levels – and, of course, we tell you how best to avoid them.

And we disclose how you can assess the current state of your nutritional intake very simply, and judge for yourself whether you need to take corrective measures to put yourself back on track for peak sporting performance.

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Antioxidants and Recovery: what steps can you take to reduce post-exercise muscle soreness?

Just a decade ago nutritional science was boldly stating that athletes must have increased antioxidant requirements because of their increased throughput of oxygen during training and competition. And before long many sportsmen and woman were taking high doses of antioxidant nutrients as a matter of routine – believing they were protecting themselves from damaging ‘free radicals’ (the by-products of oxygen metabolism).

However, more recent research has muddied the waters and new evidence has emerged that large single doses of antioxidants can actually increase the markers of oxidative damage and slow athletes down!

When it comes to antioxidants, more is not always better! But how do we know when we reach these limits?

There is a further twist to the antioxidant story however. The most recent research has suggested that antioxidant supplementation may have some short-term beneficial effects on recovery from exercise – particularly on post-exercise muscle soreness and dysfunction following ‘unfamiliar’ exercise.

This is a very different proposition from the long-term protective benefits that have so far underpinned the use of antioxidant supplements by athletes.

First we look at how antioxidant nutrition is linked with exercise-induced muscle damage. Then we move on to three very recent research studies that provide new insight into the role of antioxidants in aiding post-exercise recovery. The findings are fascinating – especially the differing implications for men versus women athletes, and younger athletes versus masters-level.

The analysis identifies several different anti-oxidants supplements that are currently being used – and we reveal that whilst supplementation with single nutrient supplements isn’t nearly as effective, some anti-oxidant nutrient combinations may actually work against one another! So tread carefully.

This discussion includes a section on safe levels of supplementation. The lesson from the research is clear: more is not always better.

Having said this there is no doubt that there are clear nutritional advantages to be gained – and not just for top athletes – when you combine antioxidant supplementation properly with your daily intake of fruit, vegetables and other foods. In Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder we disclose how best to achieve this synergy.

We identify the 34 common foodstuffs that are best at absorbing ‘free radicals’ – the molecules that wreak havoc in our muscles post-exercise – and how best to combine them into a balanced daily diet. And this list alone is worth the price of the report!

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Antioxidant Vitamins: can some of them actually be bad for you?

In recent years, there has been much speculation that athletes, who not only consume more oxygen than others to fuel their training but also frequently train at or near their maximum oxygen uptakes, might be at increased risk of free radical-induced damage, or ‘oxidative stress’.

That’s because athletes don’t just process a larger volume of oxygen than their sedentary counterparts – they also process it at a higher rate. During training, the rate of oxygen processing by the mitochondria can rise by a factor of 20, placing exceptionally high demands on antioxidant defence systems.

The fact that free radical generation does go up during vigorous exercise is no longer in doubt. However, there’s still considerable confusion about the implications of this increased free radical generation.

In Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder we bring you news of recent sports science research findings that clarify the role of anti-oxidant nutrients in combating the effects of intensive exercise regimes.

This research shows which nutrients have a positive effect – and how best to take these supplements.

Importantly, a groundbreaking study reports that some antioxidant nutrients, far from being synergistic, may actually work against one another. We identify these antioxidants for you and tell you how best to integrate them into your daily nutrition regime.

Moreover, we uncover the widespread use by athletes of certain vitamins, commonly taken for anti-oxidant purposes, that actually appear could be worsening the situation by promoting cellular damage when taken in high doses. You’ll find out which vitamins to watch out for, and what are those all-important recommended doses.

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Two new dietary antioxidant supplements that could be the ‘Holy Grail’ for athletes

There has been a recent explosion of scientific interest in two hitherto-overlooked antioxidant dietary supplements, and we bring the latest news about these supplements directly from the researchers to you. Why all the scientific excitement over these two substances? In a nutshell, it’s their potential to seriously improve sports performance.

The first is a sulphur-containing nutrient that, because it is readily soluble in water and fat, is able to work effectively in almost any part of the body, including the brain. In the mitochondria, this nutrient can act both as an antioxidant, capable of recycling other antioxidant nutrients such as vitamin C and vitamin E, and as a coenzyme for key metabolic enzymes involved in energy production.

In addition to its role as an antioxidant, this nutrient also raises the levels within cells of a substance called glutathione, which is critical for neural function, and aids in glycolysis, the first stages of breaking down carbohydrates for energy.

The second substance carries fatty acids from the cytosol (the main body of the cell) into the mitochondria (the energy-producing furnaces within cells) so that these fats can be oxidised for energy. It is also involved in the production of the key brain neurotransmitter acetylcholine, and is able to donate its acetyl group in a number of other biochemical reactions.

Anything that could seriously improve our sports performance deserves an in-depth look and we give this topic special treatment in Antioxidants: Train Longer, Train Harder. We reveal exactly how the most recent research suggests that these two under-researched supplements, when taken together, can significantly reduce exercise-induced oxidative stress in athletes.

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Antioxidants and stress: details of a newly-discovered, plant-based substance which is causing a stir in he world of sports science

It’s widely accepted, both inside and outside the sports community, that the ability of our immune system to fight off infection is enhanced with moderate levels of exercise. With very high levels of exercise stress, however, athletes become more susceptible to minor illnesses and infection.

While these usually amount to little more than a few sniffles, they may be enough to interrupt training. Two or three such interruptions over the course of a season may have serious effects, especially if one of them coincides with a major race.

So the very recent discovery of a natural antioxidant, found to exist in quite high levels in some plants, is great news for athletes.

Now this is not the first time that a herbal extract or botanical compound has been found to have a positive effect on the immune system. There are many such products on the market, with Echinacea being perhaps the best known of these.

While Echinacea has for many years been one of the top-selling supplements aimed at promoting a healthy immune system, it is only one of an enormous number of such products. Many of these herbals form an important part of the traditional medicine culture in different parts of the world, but western medicine has largely ignored them in favour of antibiotics and other more powerful pharmaceuticals.

Now there’s a just-discovered, naturally-occurring oxidant that looks set to knock Echinacea off its perch – and you’ll find details of how it works – and where you can get hold of it – in Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder.

We report on a 2007 research finding that this brand new antioxidant is able to both reduce illness, and maintain mental performance, in physically stressed test subjects. (The study, funded by the US army to the tune of over $1m, is aimed at finding ways to maintain the immune systems of soldiers undergoing the physical and mental stresses of combat.)

The study gives full details not only of how this flavonoid works, but which foods are the best and most easily-obtained sources of this, and how much of the substance should be consumed daily.

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Mineral supplementation and antioxidants: could you be missing a fundamental part of your diet?

Think of the ‘big hitters’ in minerals for sports nutrition and the chances are you’ll come up with iron, calcium and perhaps zinc. Yet there’s another important mineral that is critically overlooked, despite its pivotal role in energy production…

Many coaches and athletes remain unaware of this mineral’s vital importance in maintaining health and performance. And that’s not all! Even sports nutritionists have slept on this one: there are many who are still only just waking up to this mineral’s crucial effects on athletic performance.

This mineral, however, has another surprise up its sleeve: new research reveals it may also play a vital role as an antioxidant, helping to protect the body from the potential ravages caused by oxidative stress, the cellular damage occurring as a result of oxygen generated free radicals within the body. Although other minerals such as copper, zinc and selenium are known to be involved in releasing enzymes that deactivate free radicals and thus protect the body, the possible role of this particular mineral as an antioxidant nutrient is extremely surprising to say the least.

That’s because unlike other antioxidants, this substance is not ‘chemically speaking’ considered adept at accepting and passing on electrons (something that characterises all other antioxidant molecules).

However, despite this fact, a growing body of recent evidence insists that adequate dietary intake is essential for the control of oxidative stress.

And here’s where we are all missing out.

This mineral is poorly supplied in the modern diet. Indeed, dietary intakes of it in Western countries have declined to less than a half of those recorded at the end of the 19th century – and are still falling.

With this sort of research burning our desks we just had to report extensively on it in Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder.

You can find out all about the growing body of evidence that low intakes of this mineral are correlated with increased inflammation, which is itself strongly associated with oxidative stress. And you can find out what this all means for athletes? The simple message is that maintaining an optimum amount of this mineral in the human body is even more important then we’ve ever realised.

Quite apart from acute performance benefits, it appears that an optimal intake is also essential for antioxidant protection and for the correct regulation of inflammation, both of which are desirable for all athletes, young or old.

Although more research is needed to discover the underlying mechanism behind these effects, the take-home message is that you ignore its importance at your peril!

Exclusively from PP, you can get a copy of Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder at a special discount. Place your order today and you pay just $34.99 (£21.69) instead of the full price of $59.99. You save 42%.

Our Unconditional Money-back Guarantee: if, for any reason, you decide Antioxidants - Train Longer, Train Harder doesn’t deliver what we promise, just let us know. We’ll refund your money in full, immediately and without question.

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